The requirements for making a good mirror are a surface with a very high degree of flatness preferably but not necessarily with high reflectivity , and a surface roughness smaller than the wave-length of the light. The earliest manufactured mirrors were pieces of polished stone such as obsidian , a naturally occurring volcanic glass. Examples of obsidian mirrors found in Anatolia modern-day Turkey have been dated to around B. Mirrors made of other metal mixtures alloys such as copper and tin speculum metal may have also been produced in China and India. Stone mirrors often had poor reflectivity compared to metals, yet metals scratch or tarnish easily, so they frequently needed polishing. Depending upon the color, both often yielded reflections with poor color rendering. If well used, however, the mirror can aid moral meditation between man and himself.
This Is Why You Fail (Or: What’s Holding You Back In Dating)
The vendor had a sticker on it mentioning the date of A cursory look over, the frog surface, the dates of patents on it, no frog screw adj, low knob etc, all pointed toward the same vintage, so I did not questioned it, I just quickly look up where falls in the Type study: Type 9 and proclaimed it earlier in a previous post. Now lets see if the seller and I still agree when looking closer. Mine is corrugated so it cannot be before The vast majority of Type category pretty well all start with a sentence like:
Tuning a Stanley # Skew Block Plane. I use a vintage Stanley # skew block plane to tune tenon faces. For those unfamiliar with it, it has a skewed blade and a removable side.
Speaking to Lorraine Kelly, he said: I was like Rip Van Winkle emerging from seclusion. In a separate interview later in the day, he cleared up the error. Speaking to Lorraine Kelly, he said – ‘Oh my god that was a slip of the tongue! I was like Rip Van Winkle emerging from seclusion’ Back to reality: Speaking to Good Morning Britain on Thursday morning, the year-old explained how strange it was to be out of the loop ‘But no [Boris and I] have exchanged a WhatsApp.
HAND PLANES: WOODWORKING HAND TOOL BUYING GUIDE #3
Assigned to 2nd A. He brought down two German fighter planes and drove off others as they attacked U. Allen, Harry Guy, Jr. He was assigned to the 2nd A. He drowned as the result of a boating accident in at 45 years of age. After the war, he returned to Brooklyn where he owned and drove a cab.
My go-to source for Stanley hand plane information is Patrick Leach’s Blood & Gore webpage. Don’t let the name put you off – he has a plethora of information about all types of Stanley-made tools. Don’t let the name put you off – he has a plethora of information about all types of Stanley-made tools.
The following history is excerpted from a Tool Talks publication by Stanley Tool: The manufacture of “Bailey” Planes by Stanley marked a turning point in the Company’s history. Stanley’s dominant position was recognized by carpenters and mechanics everywhere who turned over their problems and suggestions to the Company. This created a demand for specialized tools to perform certain jobs better than they could be done with regular size or style tools.
Stanley responded by increasing its line to still greater proportions to include many more hand tools that helped craftsmen do better work. A search of the U. In the George E. Wood Company, of Plantsville, Conn. The business was enlarged under Stanley leadership and Stanley “Hurwood” Screw Drivers became the biggest selling quality drivers in the world.
This Is Why You Fail (Or: What’s Holding You Back In Dating)
Friends With Sites of Interest Due to Injury am not taking any more work.. The Best Hand Plane Resource! Now there is two schools of thought on refinishing planes.. Notice I did not say Restoring is the first think you should notice..
Block Plane Dating Block Planes from the Author’s Collection A great deal of research has been dedicated to dating Stanley’s bench planes over the years, with type studies established for the Bailey and Bedrock lines, as well as many of the most popular specialty planes.
After that he dies. So a Brahma lives for 36, Kalpas, or 36, x 2, x 4,30, human years — i. After the death of each Brahma, there is a Mahapralaya or Cosmic deluge, when all the universe is destroyed. Then a new Brahma appears and creation starts all over again. Refer to Sciences of the Ancient Hindus: Unlocking Nature in the Pursuit of Salvation — By Alok Kumar Time in Hindu mythology is conceived as a wheel turning through vast cycles of creation and destruction pralaya , known as kalpa.
In the words of famous writer, Joseph Campbell: Not so alien to the imagery of modern science that it could not have been put to acceptable use. The Bible had been the yardstick for measuring time, but the infinitely vast time cycles of India suggested that the world was much older than anything the Bible spoke of. It seem as if the Indian mind was better prepared for the chronological mutations of Darwinian evolution and astrophysics.
ISBN 0 p.
Scrub Planes with single Iron
Primary and secondary fluid inclusions in apatite document calciocarbonatite melts associated with early apatite, and CO2-bearing sulfate-chloride brines progressively diluted with low-salinity, probably metoric waters, towards ultimate stages of the deposit formation. Crystallization of spinel around baddeleyite by the mechanism of Ostwald ripening, nucleation of graphite spherules along pyrrhotite-carbonate boundaries, the occurrence of molybdenite, baddeleyite-to-zircon transformation, and high crystallization temperatures inferred from graphite structural ordering and calcite-dolomite thermometry suggest a magmatic origin of the early mineral assemblages.
In contrast, microthermometric characteristics of primary aqueous inclusions in the late apatite and the presence of zeolites thomsonite-Ca, mezolite is diagnostic of a low-temperature hydrothermal crystallization. Formation of the early magnetite-apatite-forsterite assemblage is thought to be coeval with mafic alkalic intrusions of the Mazerapane Suite superimposed on the granulite facies metamorphism of the Monapo Klippe.
The low-temperature, anhydrite-bearing mineralization was associated with the massive circulation of sulfate-rich brines along fractures activated during the Late Cambrian-Ordovician extension.
Oct 29, · Been wanting to find an old level to rehab, taken a while to find the right one. Anyone know what model and date (more or less) this is? I’ve seen one around here that looks identical – a Stanley #30, but it says “Stanley 30”, which makes it kinda easy to figure out that it’s a Stanley #
Hi Paul, My name is Jamie. I know you have a beautiful collection and probably have some useful information to help me. My options are to either purchase a cheap hand plane like Silverline. Or pick up an old stanley and restore it. I think car boots are going to be my best option. But would love too hear your opinion. Thank you for being such an amazing inspiration. Hello Jamie, Thanks for the question.
They are reliable lifetime planes too. Not sure about Silverline products. I feel less inlined to recommend them generally.
The 41 was offered from to , and was probably phased out in favor of the more versatile Stanley 45’s. This model dates to between and , when slitting cutters with depth stops were added to the main body casting. The skewed cutter on the fillister bottom makes cutting easier, and the fence, supported by two arms and running the length of the sole, makes the 41 less annoying to use than its closest rival in our shop, the Stanley 78 duplex plane.
There is a small spur knicker ahead of the blade on the edge of the fillister bottom for working across the grain, but it is so small that it is doubtful whether this was ever much use, as there is no room to re-sharpen or adjust it.
For those unfamiliar with it, it has a skewed blade and a removable side. LN Garrett Hack remarked in The Handplane Book that “this should be an incredible tool, but mine has always fallen well short of expectations…it cuts poorly. Well I did some time ago, and I know that there are many others who own and use one as well—and probably with the same mixed feelings I have had. But no more—we Stanley ers are going to rise up and take our places on the podium.
With a few tweaks, this can become a mean fighting machine! I began tuning the about a year ago. Leveling and raising the frog—unless the frog is level, the blade will end up canted to one side. The usual method of fixing this is to carefully file the high spots on the frog.
This Is Why You Fail (Or: What’s Holding You Back In Dating)
Note the indistinct ‘rib’ across the bottom at the rear, also found on very early 2 inch lever caps see above. Other factors such as military marks, boxes, penciled prices compared to price lists and Woden plane instructions WPI , have assisted in confirming these dating periods. Early and mid dated planes were packed in L1 boxes and later planes in L2 boxes see packaging below.
These labels have been found on both L1 and L2 boxes. L2 boxed planes may also be found with NIC but no sticker. This could be because NIC was then standard production and therefore these planes will be later production.
Scrub Planes with single Iron. Scrub planes were used before the invention of machine planing to do the first rough planing of a sawn board. The rear and underside of antique furniture, dating from before the industrial revolution, will often have on them the marks of the rounded iron of the scrub plane.
Stanley Wood, five, was on holiday with his parents Helen and Ben as well as his seven year old sister when the accident happened. The youngster was travelling down an escalator when his foot got stuck in the side of the escalator and his foot became mangled. Stanley Wood, pictured, is recovering from surgery in Dubai after having his big toe crushed The youngster’s Croc got caught in the side of the escalator as he was leaving the hotel The family, from Chiselhurst, Bromley were in Dubai to celebrate Stanley’s fifth birthday.
Unfortunately, medics were unable to save part of the youngster’s toe. He also lost his entire plantar ligament which connects the big toe with the calf. Dr Mohan Rangaswamy, a plastic surgeon said the severed toe was so badly mangled it could not be reattached. Instead, he covered some of the exposed bone with a skin graft taken from Stanley’s thigh. The piece that went off included the nail and the tendon that was at the bottom and top surface for flexing and extension.
We needed to cover the open wound with a flap. The patient was left with a bone sticking out and a large wound, it was trauma situation and this was an avulsion wound where most of the tissues were injured at different levels. Mrs Wood has used her Facebook page to campaign for awareness of the dangers presented by Crocs and escalators.
It’s my first handplane and I’m really excited about it. It looks literally brand new and I’m almost positive it still had the factory edge on the iron and it was never used. It looks better than this 4. I followed Paul Sellers video on sharpening the iron, it’s mirror smooth and I’m easily getting.
The plane on the left is an early model Stanley #10 rabbet plane, and is a variation that would add considerably to its value over a later version #10 or 10 1/2 rabbit plane. They are the size of a standard #4 plane, but have the cut out sides to make them rabbit planes.
Return to Hyperkitten Getting started I’ve converted some of the plane dating information found in Patrick Leach’s Plane Type Study into an easy-to-use hypertext flowchart. Hopefully by answering a few questions about your plane you can determine which type it is. The flowchart starts by asking questions about the cast iron bed of your plane. I’ve chosen the bed as a starting point because it has many easily identifiable markings, and it probably wasn’t replaced that often.
Unfortunately, many plane types share the same bed markings, so other features are also used in dating. Some plane parts were frequently replaced by their owners, or are easily separated from the plane, such as irons, cap irons, knobs and totes, and lever caps. These features are avoided where possible, along with features that appear in only some planes of a given type i. Where possible, the flowchart uses parts that were probably replaced less often, such as frogs, depth adjustment screws and lateral adjustment levers.